Qual o real impacto das fake news? As pessoas acreditam facilmente nas informações que recebem? As fake news reforçam a polarização política e as redes sociais são um reflexo disso?

 

Esse episódio seguiu um formato de debate/mesa redonda, onde nós, do Podcast Universo Generalista e a doutoranda em psicologia social Sibele Dias de Aquino, trouxemos várias perspectivas para abordar esse tema tão polêmico.

 

Discutimos sobre a fragilidade ou não da nossa espécie em acreditar em informações, sobre os diversos fatores que podem influenciar na persuasão e muitos outros tópicos.
Afinal de contas, fake news convencem as pessoas de novas ideias ou apenas reforçam o que elas já acreditam?

 

Obs.: Aconselhamos os nossos ouvintes a checarem as referências e tirarem as próprias conclusões.

 

Sibele Dias de Aquino é Doutoranda em Psicologia na PUC-Rio, e Pesquisadora do Grupo de Pesquisa Personalidade e Psicologia Social. É Mestre em Psicologia pela PUC-Rio, Especialista lato sensu em Comunicação Empresarial e Especialista lato sensu em Marketing de Serviços. Seus interesses de pesquisa são especificamente: psicologia do consumidor, bem-estar subjetivo, influência social e persuasão.

Referências (Sibele Aquino)

Bago, B., Rand, D. G., & Pennycook, G. (2020). Fake news, fast and slow: Deliberation reduces belief in false (but not true) news headlines. Journal of experimental psychology: general.

 

Forgas, J. P., & Baumeister, R. (Eds.). (2019). The Social Psychology of Gullibility: Conspiracy Theories, Fake News and Irrational Beliefs. Routledge.

 

Greifeneder, R., Jaffe, M., Newman, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.). (2020). The psychology of fake news: Accepting, sharing, and correcting misinformation. Handbook da Routledge.

 

Lazarsfeld, P., F.; Berelson, B.; Gaudet, H. The People’s Choice. 3a ed. Nova York: Columbia University Press, 1967.

 

Lewandowsky, S. et al. Misinformation and its correction: Continued influence and successful debiasing. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, v. 13, p. 106–131, 2012. doi: 10.1177/1529100612451018

 

Lewandowsky, S., Ecker, U. K.; Cook, J. Beyond misinformation: understanding and coping with the “post-truth” era. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, v. 6, n.4, p. 353–369, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2017.07.008

 

McBrayer, J. P. (2020). Beyond fake news: Finding the truth in a world of misinformation. Routledge.

 

van der Linden, S., Roozenbeek, J., & Compton, J. (2020). Inoculating Against Fake News About COVID-19. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 2928.

 

Pennycook, G., & Rand, D. G. (2020). Who falls for fake news? The roles of bullshit receptivity, overclaiming, familiarity, and analytic thinking. Journal of personality, 88(2), 185-200.

Referências (Caio Huck Spirandelli e Bruno Mascella)

Mercier, H. (2020). Not Born Yesterday. Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.1515/9780691198842

 

Bail, C. (2021). Breaking the Social Media Prism. Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.1515/9780691216508

 

Sperber, D., Clément, F., Heintz, C., Mascaro, O., Mercier, H., Origgi, G., & Wilson, D. (2010). Epistemic vigilance. Mind and Language, 25(4), 359–393. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0017.2010.01394.x

 

Kalla, J. L., & Broockman, D. E. (2018). The Minimal Persuasive Effects of Campaign Contact in General Elections: Evidence from 49 Field Experiments. American Political Science Review, 112(1), 148–166. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055417000363

 

Bail, C. A., Argyle, L. P., Brown, T. W., Bumpus, J. P., Chen, H., Fallin Hunzaker, M. B., Lee, J., Mann, M., Merhout, F., & Volfovsky, A. (2018). Exposure to opposing views on social media can increase political polarization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(37), 9216–9221. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1804840115

 

Why Fears of Fake News Are Overhyped
https://gen.medium.com/why-fears-of-fake-news-are-overhyped-2ed9ca0a52c9

 

Miton, H., Claidière, N., & Mercier, H. (2015). Universal cognitive mechanisms explain the cultural success of bloodletting. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36(4), 303–312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2015.01.003

 

Cinelli, M., Cresci, S., Galeazzi, A., Quattrociocchi, W., & Tesconi, M. (2020). The limited reach of fake news on Twitter during 2019 European elections. PLoS ONE, 15(6), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234689

 

Allen, J., Howland, B., Mobius, M., Rothschild, D., & Watts, D. J. (2020). Evaluating the fake news problem at the scale of the information ecosystem. Science Advances, 6(14), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay3539

 

Metzger, M. J., Flanagin, A. J., Mena, P., Jiang, S., & Wilson, C. (2021). From dark to light: The many shades of sharing misinformation online. Media and Communication, 9(1), 134–143. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v9i1.3409

 

70% of U.S. social media users never or rarely post or share about political, social issues
https://pewrsr.ch/3h03bH6

 

Bail, C. A., Brown, T. W., & Wimmer, A. (2019). Prestige, proximity, and prejudice: how google search terms diffuse across the world. American Journal of Sociology, 124(5), 1496–1548. https://doi.org/10.1086/702007

 

Bail, C. A., Guay, B., Maloney, E., Combs, A., Sunshine Hillygus, D., Merhout, F., Freelon, D., & Volfovsky, A. (2020). Assessing the Russian Internet Research Agency’s impact on the political attitudes and behaviors of American Twitter users in late 2017. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(1), 243–250. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1906420116

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